Intrauterine insemination is a relatively simple infertility treatment where a small catheter is used to place washed sperm directly into the uterus. This procedure is useful in couples where the male has low semen volume, low sperm concentration, or decreased sperm motility. This procedure is also indicated when there is ejaculatory dysfunction. It may also be used to treat conception difficulties caused by cervical mucus problems, or immunologic factors in the woman and in conditions where the female cervix and vagina is hostile to the male sperms. It can be tried as a low cost but possibly successful attempt before deciding on IVF.
In this procedure, washed prepared sperms are deposited into the woman’s uterus (womb) at around the time of ovulation, with the aim of getting the sperm as close to the egg as possible. Washing ensures that mucus and non-motile sperms are removed so that the chances of pregnancy are increased. Sometimes two inseminations may be necessary during a fertility window to further enhance the chances of pregnancy. The procedure for insemination is very simple, fast and painless. It involves insertion of a speculum into the vagina to visualize the cervix and then cervix is cleaned with culture medium. The prepared sperm is then injected into the cavity of the womb using a fine plastic catheter. After insemination, a little rest for the patient is advisable.
This animated video explains in detail about the process of Intrauterine Insemination process, an artificial insemination procedure. An Intrauterine insemination is a procedure done to help a woman get pregnant.