Reproductive surgery includes a wide range of operations design for different purpose. Most operations save the uterus, tubes & ovaries. Operations such as tubal reversal increase fertility while others such tubal ligation decrease fertility in female. In the male, varicocele, vas obstruction as well as other abnormalities are treated.
Laparoscopic surgery is usually preferable to a standard open surgical approach, because this reduces handling of tissues, prevents drying of surfaces & allows better access to & visualization of the deep pelvic structures. It also provides magnification & the ability to achieve more complete haemostasis. The net result is a better restoration of anatomy, decreased adhesion formation, lower risk of recurrence of endometriosis or pain & higher chances of pregnancy.
Reproductive surgery is to restore normal anatomy & function to the reproductive organs. Damage caused by inflammation, infection, or endometriosis leaves these structures more vulnerable to postoperative adhesion formation.
This is a surgical procedure in which a telescope is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The cavity of the uterus can then be examined; a procedure such as removal of fibroid, polyp or scar tissue can be performed.
This problem is caused by injury to the genital tract due to STD or vasectomy incurred during other surgical procedure. Reproductive surgical treatments include vasectomy, reversal vasectomy, and epididymostomy.
Varicocelectomy is the surgical removal or ligation of varicose veins in the scrotal sac.